Federal Criminal Investigations

Federal Criminal Investigations Defense Attorney

A criminal investigation can be a nightmare for anyone, let alone a federal criminal investigation. When your criminal charges fall into federal jurisdiction, everything is taken up a notch – the investigation, the prosecution, and the potential consequences.

With this in mind, you must take these legal proceedings extremely seriously. Don’t assume that because you know yourself to be innocent that the government will also see you in the same light. If you are being investigated by the federal government, it is likely for good reason, and rest assured they will do everything in their power to convict you.

federal criminal investigations defense attorney

That is why it is imperative that those under investigation by federal law enforcement agents seek legal guidance from an experienced federal criminal defense attorney like AnneMarie Odom. We know what all it takes to handle a federal case and assist our clients through the high-stakes nature of federal investigations. Give us a call as soon as possible at 864-775-5833 today. The earlier you reach out, the more options we can explore for your defense.

Types of Federal Criminal Investigations

As one would expect, to warrant a federal criminal investigation, the defendant must be suspected of committing a federal crime. Not all crimes are prosecuted at the federal level. To be a violation of federal law, the offense must typically take place on federal property, involve federal officers, cross state lines, or otherwise involve fraud, deception, or misrepresentation of something to the United States government.

Murder, for example, is a state-level criminal offense in all 50 states, but it does not become a federal crime unless federal agents or officials are killed while executing their official duties. Similarly, every state prohibits burglary, but it is not a federal crime unless there is a link to the federal government, such as the burglary of a federal institution.

Some of the more common types of offenses that might trigger a federal investigation include:

SC Federal Criminal Investigations Defense Lawyer

Who Handles Investigations of Federal Crimes?

Depending on the nature of the federal crime, the investigation may be handled by a different agency. It is not the role of every federal law enforcement agency to investigate every federal crime. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), for instance, is responsible for the investigation of things like terrorism, cybercrime, counterintelligence, and public corruption. Meanwhile, the Secret Service is in charge of investigating financial crimes such as counterfeiting and forgery and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) focuses on drug offenses. 

This division of responsibilities aids the development of expertise among the many agencies, but it also means that federal law enforcement agencies are not like local police departments in that they do not each address every federal crime that comes their way.

There are multiple federal agencies out there, and the type of crime committed determines which official government organization will take on the investigation of your case. Below are each of the U.S. investigative agencies and their respective focus, as well as links to their official websites:

  • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)The ATF heads federal investigations involving firearm trafficking, the usage and storage of illegal explosives, the unlawful diversion of alcohol and tobacco goods, and acts of terrorism, arson, and bombings.
  • Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)Individuals or corporations that illegally trade commodity futures and options, participate in deceptive schemes like Ponzi schemes, and engage in disruptive trading practices are all investigated and prosecuted by the CFTC.
  • Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)HHS agents are responsible for any criminal charges involving the federal healthcare system, typically focusing on healthcare fraud involving government programs like Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, or CHIPS.
  • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)The DEA is in charge of enforcing the United States’ restricted drug laws and regulations. DEA law enforcement agents lead investigations involving many elements of our country’s drug regulations, including things like drug trafficking and the illicit distribution of prescription medications by physicians and pharmacists.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI)Federal agents of the FBI handle a variety of criminal investigations, including civil rights, terrorism and threats to national security, drug distribution, federal theft crimes, white-collar offenses, and public corruption. 
  • General Services Administration (GSA)The GSA is in charge of all areas of federal property, ownership, and management and commonly investigates crimes involving procurement fraud, identity theft, credit card fraud, bribery, and others. 
  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)ICE is the main investigative and law enforcement branch of the Department of Homeland Security, handling matters involving immigration, border control, customs violations, and more.
  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS)The internal revenue service is in charge of investigating federal tax offenses such as tax evasion, money laundering, and violations of the Bank Secrecy Act, among other related crimes. 
  • Postal Inspection ServicePostal Inspectors are responsible for investigating any federal offense involving the use or misuse of the federal postal service, such as mail theft, postal fraud, tax evasion, health-care fraud, conspiracy, drug distribution, and many other types of postal-related criminal activity.
  • Secret ServiceSpecial agents of the Secret Service investigate all types of crimes involving the United States monetary and financial systems, including counterfeit currency, credit card fraud, money laundering, financial institution fraud, computer and technology fraud, identity theft, and more.
  • Securities Exchange Commission (SEC)The SEC regulates the major players in the securities industry, including brokers and dealers, investment advisors, exchanges, mutual funds, and hedge funds. Insider trading, accounting fraud, and incorrect or misleading information regarding securities are all among areas where the SEC takes civil enforcement proceedings against people and corporations.
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)The SSA conducts criminal investigations into fraud, waste, and abuse related to Social Security. This includes offenses such as identity theft, fraudulent claims made against the government, theft, and mail and bank fraud.
South Carolina Federal Criminal Defense Lawyer

What Should I Do If I’m Being Investigated by the Federal Government?

Investigations are merely the first step in the grueling federal criminal justice process. Before even seeking a subpoena, federal agents may come to your house to question you. It’s crucial to remember during this time that federal law enforcement agents are experts in extracting incriminating statements from suspects.

That is why, if you are the subject of a federal investigation, the best approach to defend yourself is to hire an experienced federal criminal lawyer BEFORE speaking to investigators. In fact, as soon as you suspect you are under investigation, you should contact an attorney immediately. Doing so will help ensure that your constitutional rights remain protected and help you avoid making any mistakes that may jeopardize your prospects of a successful conclusion later.

How Can an Attorney Help in a Federal Investigation?

In a federal investigation, having a skilled defense attorney on your side can make all the difference in the outcome of your case. A federal criminal defense lawyer works to defend your rights by ensuring that you are not examined by law enforcement and tricked into giving an incriminating statement and harming your case. Your Greenville criminal defense attorney will also negotiate with both federal agents and federal prosecutors to work out a pre-indictment plea deal. If that is not an option, they will use their extensive knowledge of federal law to build your defense and subsequently fight for you in court. 

South Carolina Defense Lawyer for Federal Investigations

While a government investigation might take years, intervening early is the best approach to increase the likelihood of a successful outcome. If you or a loved one are under federal investigation by the government, it is critical that you retain the services of an experienced South Carolina federal criminal defense attorney like AnneMarie Odom. Time is of the essence in a situation like this. Contact AnneMarie Odom Law today by calling 864-775-5833 or completing our online intake form.


If you or a loved one is under federal investigation by the government, it is critical that you retain the services of an experienced federal criminal defense attorney like AnneMarie Odom. Reach out to begin building your defense today.

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